Enfoques basados en microalgas para superar los efectos de la pandemia por COVID-19

Contenido principal del artículo

Kattia Núñez-Montero
Maritza Guerrero-Barrantes
Olman Gómez-Espinoza

Resumen

A finales del 2019 un nuevo coronavirus llamado coronavirus de tipo 2 causante del síndrome respiratorio agudo severo (SARS-CoV-2) empezó a propagarse rápidamente a nivel mundial, al punto de convertirse en una pandemia para inicios del 2020. Después de casi dos años de vivir con esta nueva enfermedad, la humanidad sigue enfrentado una de sus mayores crisis, no solamente a nivel de salud, sino también ambiental y económico. Para poder alivianar algunos de los efectos sufridos mundialmente por la pandemia es necesario la integración de estrategias novedades en terapias médicas y fortalecimiento económico. Bajo este escenario, la presente revisión presenta las funcionalidades de las microalgas que podrían ser explotadas para impulsar las áreas más afectadas por la pandemia. Entre los beneficios más promisorios se destacan las diversas biomoléculas derivadas de microalgas que podrían ser terapias adyuvantes o agentes preventivos, así como su potencial para convertirse en biofábricas de anticuerpos o vacunas a través de ingeniería genética. Finalmente, el desarrollo de industrias a base de microalgas podría convertirse en un impulsor de la economía y una fuente de generación de empleos locales. De esta forma se expone el impacto positivo de los productos derivados de microalgas en ámbitos farmacológicos, ambientales e industriales que podrían explotarse para contrarrestar las consecuencias de dos años en pandemia. 

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Núñez-Montero, K., Guerrero-Barrantes, M., & Gómez-Espinoza, O. (2022). Enfoques basados en microalgas para superar los efectos de la pandemia por COVID-19. Revista Tecnología En Marcha, 35(5), Pág. 84–93. https://doi.org/10.18845/tm.v35i5.6190
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